Mr. Christopher Patten
To sum up the whole, the British rule has been – morally, a great blessing; politically, peace and order on one hand … on the other, materially, impoverishment …The natives call the British system … “the knife of sugar.” That is to say there is no oppression, it is all smooth and sweet, but it is a knife, nevertheless.
Dadabhai Naoroji, an Indian, describes the effect of imperialism on India
Lesson #2: Britain vs. India
How did the British gain, consolidate, and maintain power in India?
European leaders met to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans.
Competing industrialized states sought to control and transport raw materials and create new markets across the world.
The complete control of a weaker nation’s social, economic, and political life by a stronger nation.